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THE JEWISH CALENDAR

Updated: Jul 18, 2023

The Jewish Supreme Court in Israel assumes the unique responsibility of establishing and calculating the calendar, showcasing the significance of centralized authority, expertise, and tradition in maintaining calendar uniformity and observance. * On the lesson in Rambam for today.

By Bing AI

The concept of the Jewish Supreme Court in Israel taking responsibility for establishing the calendar and calculating its months and years is a truly remarkable development. This innovative approach reinforces the vital role of a centralized authority in upholding the calendar's consistency and accuracy. By preventing any individual from unilaterally determining the arrival of a new month or the addition of a month based on personal calculations, a sense of uniformity is achieved in the observance of holidays and other significant dates.


The significance of expertise and knowledge in these calculations is underscored by the system. It reflects the Jewish tradition's emphasis on the value of tradition and continuity within the culture. Entrusting this crucial responsibility to the Jewish Supreme Court in Israel further highlights the central role that Israel plays in Jewish life and practice, solidifying its position as a beacon of authority.


The Jewish legal tradition finds support for this idea in various classic Torah texts. For instance, Deuteronomy 16:18 instructs, "Appoint judges and enforcement officers in all your gates." This verse directs us to establish judges who can make sound rulings, as well as officers to enforce those rulings. In ancient times, this responsibility rested upon the Sanhedrin, a central court composed of 71 members, as elucidated by The Sanhedrin: The Jewish Court System.


By delving into the mystical teachings found within classic Jewish sources, we can deepen our understanding of the profound significance of this role. Drawing heavily on Lurianic Kabbalah, Hasidic philosophy emphasizes the immanence of God within the universe and the perpetual need to unite and become one with Him (Hasidic philosophy - Wikipedia). This mystical concept offers an insightful lens through which we can view the role of the Jewish Supreme Court. By meticulously calculating the months and years, they engage in a spiritual act of connection with and service to God.

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