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“Even if fully wicked, genuine repentance makes us beloved and desired by God as if we never sinned at all.” * On Tanya for 2 Menachem Tov.

by ChatGPT

In our previous discussion, we discovered the Alter Rebbe's insights on joy and teshuvah (repentance), understanding how past misdeeds can teach humility and enhance our Divine service with happiness and equanimity. Now, we delve deeper into the transformative power of suffering, as illuminated by the Tanya's wisdom.

The Alter Rebbe explained that while remembering past sins should not lead to ongoing shame or depression, these memories play a crucial role in our spiritual journey. Our suffering, both physical and spiritual, has the potential to cleanse our souls and lead us closer to God, just as the Talmud teaches us that afflictions grant atonement. As we bless God for both good and evil in our lives, acknowledging that suffering serves a purpose, we resonate with the Talmud's call for gratitude amidst hardships.

Drawing a parallel with the Midrash's analogy of a furnace purifying silver, the Tanya reminds us that afflictions serve as a spiritual furnace, removing impurities and iniquities from our souls. Embracing suffering with understanding and acceptance, we open ourselves to spiritual elevation and growth, as our trials become stepping stones toward greater closeness to the Divine.

Our sages and scholars have shared valuable insights on how afflictions, both physical and spiritual, can lead us to draw closer to God and elevate our souls. Let us journey together through the words of the Talmud, Midrash, and Maimonides, gaining a deeper understanding of this powerful spiritual journey.


Rabbi Meir teaches us about the link between suffering and atonement. The verse in Deuteronomy 4:39–30 states: "And you shall consider in your heart…when you are afflicted, and all these things happen to you in the end of days, you will return to the Lord your God and obey His voice." Rabbi Meir explains that the phrase "you will return" indicates atonement, while "you will obey" implies reward. Thus, even amidst suffering, we find an opportunity for redemption and forgiveness. (Talmud Berachot 5a)


Rabbi Elazar imparts a valuable lesson in gratitude and acceptance. He asserts: "From where is it derived that a person is obligated to bless God for evil in the same manner as he blesses Him for good? As it is stated: 'And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your might' (Deuteronomy 6:5)." Rabbi Elazar explains that our love for God should extend to all aspects of our existence, even the hardships we endure. When we bless God for suffering, we acknowledge that it, too, serves a purpose in our spiritual journey. (Talmud Berachot 7a)


The Midrash offers a beautiful analogy of the refining process. It states: "Just as a furnace purifies silver from its dross, so too afflictions purge the iniquities of Israel." Our trials and tribulations serve as a spiritual furnace, removing the impurities that hinder our relationship with God. In embracing suffering with understanding, we pave the way for spiritual elevation and growth. (Midrash Vayikra Rabbah 27:1)


Maimonides, the great philosopher and scholar, emphasizes the power of teshuvah (repentance) in transforming our spiritual state. He writes: "Even if one has become fully wicked, and has sinned to the extent that he is hated by God, as it is written (Deuteronomy 9:18): 'And I prostrated myself before God, as at first, forty days and forty nights; I did not eat bread and I did not drink water, because of all your sins that you had committed, to do evil in the eyes of the Lord, to anger Him,' through teshuvah, he is beloved and desired by God, as if he never sinned at all, as it is written (Ezekiel 33:11): 'As I live,' says the Lord God, 'I do not desire the death of the wicked, but that the wicked repent of his way and live.'" Maimonides highlights that genuine repentance has the power to erase our intentional sins and bring us closer to God's boundless mercy. (Maimonides Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Teshuvah 1:4)

In our exploration of these timeless sources, we discover the transformative potential of suffering. Afflictions, both physical and spiritual, are not to be seen as mere punishments but as opportunities for growth, atonement, and drawing closer to the Divine. Let us internalize the teachings of our sages, finding strength and solace in the knowledge that our trials can lead to greater spiritual heights. As we navigate the journey of life, may we embrace the refining fires of suffering with faith, gratitude, and the resolve to embark on the path of teshuvah, drawing ever closer to the Divine Presence.

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